Schoenberg, Arnold (1874-1951)
Arnold Schoenberg or Schönberg (13 September 1874 – 13 July 1951) was a Jewish Austrian composer, music theorist, and painter. He was associated with the expressionist movement in German poetry and art, and leader of the Second Viennese School. By 1938, with the rise of the Nazi Party, Schoenberg's works were labeled degenerate music, because he was Jewish. He moved to the United States in 1934.